Oliver Hazard Perry and the battle of lake erie
WE HAVE MET THE ENEMY
The war of 1812 began as the result of the confrontation between Great Britain and the United States over the impressment of sailors and British support for Native American tribes against western expansion. It is sometimes called the second war for American independence.
Great Britain was also at war with Napoleon’s France and the U.S. presumed that British territory in Canada would be vulnerable. In 1812 the U.S. attempted to invade Canada. Instead, aggressive counterstrikes by the British and their Native allies captured America's Fort Detroit and threatened her western territories. Securing American territory in the west depended upon controlling Lake Erie where the U.S. had virtually no navy.
Great Britain was at the time the greatest naval power in the world. Yet in 1813 the U.S. was able to defeat the Britain's Royal Navy on Lake Erie, retake Fort Detroit and thereby preserve its northwestern territories. Nonetheless, the U.S. was never able to seize control of Canada suffered defeats at the hands of British, Canadian and Native American troops over the course of the war, including the capture and burning of its capital city, Washington. Americans were however, able to repulse British invasions in New York, Baltimore and New Orleans in 1814. A negotiated peace, the Treaty of Ghent, officially ended the War in February of 1815. This peace has now lasted for over 200 years.
THE WAR OF 1812
Artist Peter Rindlisbacher's depiction of the Battle of Fort George in May 1813